Project Based Learning (PBL) is an innovative learning strategy. The student-centered instruction puts teens with ADHD in front of learning. They often work in groups using open-ended questions. Sounds like fun? Yes
ADHD has 3 major components that impact school performance. Inattentiveness causes students to appear preoccupied and oblivious. Impulsivity shows by calling out in class interrupting conversations. Hyperactive students are constantly active, easily distracted.
Teens with ADHD are notorious for their classroom behavior. Poor academic performance too.
- Demanding attention
- Following directions
- Displaying defiance of authority figures
- Having emotional outbursts
- Developing social skills/peer relationships
Why Project Based Learning?
PBL uses real-world examples with lessons. It allows students to learn across content areas. For example, PBL in science classes might include writing skills, math, and the arts. This taps into the strengths of students with ADHD.
PBL allows for self-directed learning. Can you imagine? The kids are in charge.
Online research is common in most high schools. What’s different with PBL? Students don’t just Google. They must evaluate the content for accuracy. Teens with ADHD benefit from the challenge. It’s like Seek and Find.
Teens with ADHD are rarely seen as academic leaders. PBL provides them with opportunities to bui;d leadership skills. Working in trams, they participate in management activities too. With reinforcement working together and apart, self-awareness increases.
The learning dynamic changes with the introduction of PBL. Teachers must modify their strategies for their students with ADHD.
- Paying attention
- Asking for help
- Starting tasks
- Organizing assignments
- Interacting with peers
ADHD Teaching Strategies
The most important aspect when teachers of students with ADHD is responsibility. Start with specific plans, then reinforce key concepts. Mini lessons allow for mastery of larger activities in smaller ones. The goal is to set and keep schedules.
Executive Function Disorder (EFD) greatly impacts the performance of teens with ADHD. As a result, teachers should support organization. Use graphic organizers, then review notes. Confirm the accuracy/compliance for assignment requirements.
PBL Strategies for Teens with ADHD
- Mix things up. Integrate both group and individual activities.
- Head back in time. Use centers to provide a variety of resources and tools.
- Explore strengths. Creative group (academic and personalities).
- Set specific learning goals. Provide milestones and designated activities.
- Provide personal choice and voice. Options include using time and written/artistic components.
PBL has many benefits for students with ADHD. The student-centered instruction provides opportunities for success. It includes both group and independent activities. It’s fun too!
QUESTION: Do your kids like to work in groups?